Darktable versus Lightroom

Non integra le miriadi di funzioni di Lightroom, ma è gratuito.

E dopo che Lightroom ha dichiarato che diventerà acquistabile solo su abbonamento, Darktable diventa una buona alternativa al programma della Adobe.

Darktable è un software open source che serve a gestire il flusso fotografico in digitale e lo sviluppo RAW. Integra un modulo per la correzione prospettica automatica, uno strumento Liquify (fluidifica) che consente di applicare deformazioni, pressioni, trazioni, rotazioni, riflessioni, flessioni e gonfiamenti a qualsiasi area di una immagine; un modulo che permette di usare la tavola di consultazione del colore (CLUT, Color LookUp Table) per le immagini, e sono state migliorate le funzioni che consentono di correggere l’esposizione e molto altro ancora. Uno strumento più che degno per catalogare e modificare le proprie fotografie.

Ecco alcune delle principali caratteristiche:

  • Editing non distruttivo – Le immagini originali non verranno mai modificate.
  • Sfrutta la potenza del RAW – Tutte le funzioni core operano in buffer basati su virgola mobile 4×32-bit, attivando le istruzioni SSE per gli speedups.
  • Elaborazione delle immagini con la GPU – Molte operazioni sulle immagini sono velocissime grazie al supporto di OpenCL.
  • Gestione dei colori professionale – Il programma riesce a gestire completamente i colori, supporta il rilevamento automatico del profilo – incluso il supporto per sRGB, Adobe RGB, XYZ e i colori lineari RGB.
  • Multi piattaforma – Il programma è disponibile per Linux, Mac OS X / macports, BSD, Windows e Solaris 11 / GNOME.
  • Filtri e ordinamento – Cerca le tue raccolte di immagini per tag, valutazione, etichette e molto altro ancora.
  • Formati immagine – Il programma può importare ed elaborare una grande quantità di dati grezzi, standard e con un’alta gamma cromatica (JPEG, CR2, NEF, HDR, PFM, RAF, …).
  • Interfaccia utente con zoom a latenza zero – Attraverso la cache software a multi livello, il programma fornisce sempre una esperienza utente fluida.
  • Parla la tua lingua – Il programma è stato localizzato in 21 lingue: albanese, catalano, ceco, danese, olandese, francese, tedesco, greco, ebraico, ungherese, italiano, giapponese, polacco, portoghese (brasiliano e portoghese), russo, slovacco, sloveno, spagnolo, svedese e ucraino.
  • Potente sistema di esportazione – Permette di esportare per gli album di Google+, Facebook, Flickr, email e altri.

Il programma dispone di numerosi moduli per l’elaborazione delle immagini digitali. Eccoli elencati qui sotto (in inglese)

Currently darktable contains 61 image operation modules. Many modules support powerful blending operators offering blend functionality that works on the incoming image information and the output of the current module or be used with drawn masks.

Basic image operations:

  • contrast, brightness, saturation: Quickly tune your image using this simple module.
  • shadows and highlights: Improve images by lightening shadows and darkening highlights. Read Ulrich’s blog post on this.
  • crop and rotate: This module is used to crop, rotate and correct the perspective of your image. It also includes many helpful guidelines that assist you using the tools (e.g. rule of thirds or golden ratio).
  • base curve: darktable comes with general enhanced basecurve presets for several models that are automatically applied to raw images for better colors and contrast.
  • exposure controls: Tweak the image exposure either by using the sliders in the module or dragging the histogram around.
  • demosaic: You have the choice between several demosaicing methods when editing raw files.
  • highlight reconstruction: This module tries to reconstruct color information that is usually clipped due to information not being complete in all channels.
  • white balance: A module offering three ways to set the white balance. You can set tint and temperature or you define the value of each channel. The module offers predefined white balance settings as well. Or just pick a neutral region in the image to balance for that.
  • invert: A module inverting colors based on the color of film material.

 

Tone image operations:

  • fill light: This module allows the local modification of the exposure based on pixel lightness.
  • levels: This module offers the well-know levels adjustment tools to set black, grey and white points.
  • tone curve: This module is a classical tool in digital photography. You can change the lightness by dragging the line up or down. darktable lets you separately control the L, a and b channel. Read in Ulrich’s blog post how to make use of this feature.
  • zone system: This module changes the lightness of your image. It is based on the Ansel Adams’ system. It allows to modify the lightness of a zone taking into account the effect on the adjacent zones. It divides the lightness in a user-defined number of zones.
  • local contrast: This module can be used to boost details in the image.
  • two different tone mapping modules: These modules allow to recreate some contrast for HDR images.

Color image operations:

  • velvia: The velvia module enhances the saturation in the image; it increases saturation on lower saturated pixels more than on high saturated pixels.
  • channel mixer: This module is a powerful tool to manage channels. As entry, it manipulates red, green and blue channels. As output, it uses red, green, blue or grey or hue, saturation, lightness.
  • color contrast
  • color correction: This module can be used to modify the global saturation or to give a tint. Read Johannes’ blog post.
  • monochrome: This module is a quick way to convert an image to black and white. You can simulate a color filter in order to modify your conversion. The filter can be changed in size and color center.
  • color zones: This module allows to selectively modify the colors in your image. It is highly versatile and allows every transformation possible in the LCh colorspace.
  • color balance: Use lift/gamma/gain to change highlights, midtones and shadows.
  • vibrance: For a detailed description read Henrik’s blog post.
  • color look up table: Apply styles or film emulations. You can also easily edit the changes done. For more information you can read this blog post
  • input/output/display color profile management
  • A useful feature that displays pixels outside the dynamic range.

Correction modules:

  • dithering: This helps with banding in smooth gradients in the final image.
  • sharpen: This is a standard UnSharp Mask tool for sharpening the details of an image.
  • equalizer: This versatile module can be used to achieve a variety of effects, such as bloom, denoising, and local contrast enhancement. It works in the wavelet domain, and parameters can be tuned for each frequency band separately.
  • denoise (non-local means): Denoising with separated color / brightness smoothing.
  • defringe: Remove color fringes on high contrast edges.
  • haze removal: This module allows to remove the low contrast and color tint coming from haze and air pollution.
  • denoise (bilateral filter): Another denoising module.
  • liquify: Push image parts around, grow them, shrink them.
  • perspective correction: A great module to automatically un-distort shots with straight lines.
  • lens correction: lens defect correction.
  • spot removal: Spot removal allows you to correct a zone in your image by using another zone as model.
  • profiled denoise: By measuring the typical noise of cameras at the different ISOlevels darktable is able to remove a lot of it.
  • raw denoise: Raw denoise allows you to perfom denoising on pre-demosaic data.
  • hot pixels: This module allows you to visualize and correct stuck and hot pixels.
  • chromatic aberrations: This module automatically detects and corrects chromatic aberrations.

Effects/artistic image postprocessing:

  • watermark: The watermark module provides a way to render a vector-based overlay onto your image. Watermarks are standard SVG documents and can be designed using Inkscape. The SVG processor of darktable also substitutes strings within the SVG document which gives the opportunity to include image-dependent information in the watermark such as aperture, exposure time and other metadata.
  • framing: This module allows you to add an artistic frame around an image.
  • split toning: Original split toning method creates a two color linear toning effect where the shadows and highlights are represented by two different colors. darktable split toning module is more complex and offers more parameters to tweak the result.
  • vignetting: This module is an artistic feature which creates vignetting (modification of the brightness/saturation at the borders).
  • soften: This module is an artistic feature that creates the Orton effect also commonly known as softening the image. Michael Orton achieved such result on slide film by using 2 exposures of the same scene: one well exposed and one overexposed; then he used a technique to blend those into a final image where the overexposed image was blurred.
  • grain: This module is an artistic feature which simulates the grain of a film.
  • highpass: This module acts as highpass filter.
  • lowpass: This module acts as lowpass filter.
  • lowlight vision: Low light module allows to simulate human lowlight vision, thus providing the ability to make lowlight pictures look closer to reality. It can also be used to perform a day to night conversion.
  • bloom: This module boost highlights and softly blooms them over the image.
  • color mapping: Transfer colors from one image to another.
  • colorize
  • graduated density: This module aims at simulating a neutral density filter, in order to correct exposure and color in a progressive manner.